Published Date: 6/17/2023 6:05:41 AM

  • Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes, is a metabolic disease that causes high blood sugar. The hormone insulin moves sugar from the blood into your cells to be stored or used for energy. With diabetes, your body either doesn't make enough insulin or can't effectively use the insulin it does make.

Different types of diabetes:

  • The most common types of diabetes are type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes:

  • If you have type 1 diabetes, your body does not make insulin. Your immune system attacks and destroys the cells in your pancreas that make insulin. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, although it can appear at any age. People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin every day to stay alive.

Type 2 diabetes:

  • If you have type 2 diabetes, your body does not make or use insulin well. You can develop type 2 diabetes at any age, even during childhood. However, this type of diabetes occurs most often in middle-aged and older people. Type 2 is the most common type of diabetes.

Gestational diabetes:

  • Gestational diabetes develops in some women when they are pregnant. Most of the time, this type of diabetes goes away after the baby is born. However, if you’ve had gestational diabetes, you have a greater chance of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. Sometimes diabetes diagnosed during pregnancy is actually type 2 diabetes.

Other types of diabetes:

  • Less common types include monogenic diabetes, which is an inherited form of diabetes, and cystic fibrosis-related diabetes External link.

How common is diabetes?

  • As of 2015, 30.3 million people in the United States, or 9.4 percent of the population, had diabetes. More than 1 in 4 of them didn’t know they had the disease. Diabetes affects 1 in 4 people over the age of 65. About 90-95 percent of cases in adults are type 2 diabetes.

Who is more likely to develop type 2 diabetes?

  • You are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you are age 45 or older, have a family history of diabetes, or are overweight. Physical inactivity, race, and certain health problems such as high blood pressure also affect your chance of developing type 2 diabetes. You are also more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you have prediabetes or had gestational diabetes when you were pregnant. Learn more about risk factors for type 2 diabetes.

What health problems can people with diabetes develop?

Over time, high blood glucose leads to problems such as

  • heart disease
  • stroke
  • kidney disease
  • eye problems
  • dental disease
  • nerve damage
  • foot problems

Exercise and diet tips:

  • If a doctor diagnoses a person with type 2 diabetes, they will often recommend making lifestyle changes to support weight loss and overall health.
  • A doctor may refer a person with diabetes or prediabetes to a nutritionist. A specialist can help a person with diabetes lead an active, balanced lifestyle and manage the condition.
  • Share on a Pinterest healthy diet can help prevent, reverse, or manage diabetes.

Home Remedies:

  • Drink Bitter Gourd (Karela liquid) (1 teaspoon on empty stomach in the morning.
  • Neem + Indian blackberry (Jamun Seed) + Fenugreek (Same quantity Powder) (1 teaspoon in empty stomach in morning)

Ayurvedic Medicines:

  • K3 Syrup
  • Abhinol
  • Orijel Deba

Steps a person can take to embrace a lifestyle with diabetes include:

  • Eating a diet high in fresh, nutritious foods, including whole grains, fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, low-fat dairy, and healthy fat sources, such as nuts.
  • Avoiding high-sugar foods that provide empty calories, or calories that do not have other nutritional benefits, such as sweetened sodas, fried foods, and high-sugar desserts.
  • Refraining from drinking excessive amounts of alcohol or keeping intake to less than one drink a day for women or two drinks a day for men.
  • Engaging in at least 30 minutes of exercise a day on at least 5 days of the week, such as walking, aerobics, riding a bike, or swimming.
  • Recognizing signs of low blood sugar when exercising, including dizziness, confusion, weakness, and profuse sweating.
  • People can also take steps to reduce their body mass index (BMI), which can help some people with type 2 diabetes manage the condition without medication.
  • Slow, steady weight loss goals are more likely to help a person retain long-term benefits.

Using insulin:

  • People with type I diabetes and some people with type 2 diabetes may need to inject or inhale insulin to keep their blood sugar levels from becoming too high.
  • Various types of insulin are available, and most are grouped by how long their effect lasts. There are rapid, regular, intermediate, and long-acting insulins.
  • Some people will use a long-acting insulin injection to maintain consistently low blood sugar levels. Some people may use short-acting insulin or a combination of insulin types. Whatever the type, a person will usually check their blood glucose levels using a fingerstick.
  • This method of checking blood sugar levels involves using a special, portable machine called a glucometer. A person with type I diabetes will then use the reading of their blood sugar level to determine how much insulin they need.
  • Self-monitoring is the only way a person can find out their blood sugar levels. Assuming the level from any physical symptoms that occur may be dangerous unless a person suspects extremely low glucose and thinks they need a rapid dose of glucose.

Take the following precautions:

  • Clean the area from which the sample will come with soapy, warm water to avoid food residue entering the device and distorting the reading.
  • Choose a small, thin lancet for maximum comfort.
  • The lancet should have depth settings that control the depth of the prick. Adjust this for comfort.
  • Many meters require only a teardrop-sized sample of blood.
  • Take blood from the side of the finger, as this causes less pain. Using the middle finger, ring finger, and little finger may be more comfortable
  • While some meters allow samples from other test sites, such as the thighs and upper arms, the fingertips or outer palms produce more accurate results.
  • Tease blood to the surface in a “milking” motion rather than placing pressure at the lancing site.
  • Dispose of lances in line with local regulations for getting rid of sharp objects.
  • Managing diabetes is tough but in no way is it impossible. Scientists across the world are working round the clock to come up with ways and medicine that could reverse the condition without any side effects. There are many ways in which you can manage your diabetes and untimely blood sugar fluctuation like by maintaining a healthy diet. Ayurveda has many tips that could help you through. 
  • In Ayurveda, diabetes is referred to as 'Madhumey,' and as part of its treatment, Ayurveda, too, suggests avoiding excess intake of sweets and simple carbohydrates. It is imperative to include more green and leafy vegetables. Some bitter and healthy herbs like aloe-vera are also instrumental in managing diabetes. 
  • In Ayurveda, there are three fundamental doshas: "Vata", "Pitta", and "Kapha", and good health is considered to be a perfect state of balance between these three doshas. Ayurveda expert Dr. Vasant Lad explains diabetes' development as a result of the "diminished functioning of Agni (digestive fire), which may trigger high blood sugar levels. Here are a few home remedies that the book suggests:

1. Mix one part of Guduchi, a part of shardunika, a part of kudki, and 2 parts of Punarnava and mix them well into a diabetic-friendly herbal mixture. Drink this herbal mixture two to three times a day and consume with warm water.

2. Turmeric Treatment: According to Dr. Vasant Lad, increasing the intake of turmeric in the diet is also beneficial in diabetes management.

3. Drinking Water In Copper Vessel:  Since time immemorial, drinking water from copper vessels has been considered very healthy for the overall functioning of the body. According to Dr. Vasant Lad, reviving this practice may help prevent the fluctuation of blood sugar levels. The water stored in a copper vessel is called 'Tamra Jal' and it helps in balancing all three doshas. "Put one cup of water into a copper vessel at night and drink the water in the morning." 

  • Diabetes Management: Drinking water from the copper vessel has been considered healthy.

4. According to Ayurvedic experts, diabetics should definitely have a stock of methi dana in their homes. You can consume methi dana sprouts or drink fenugreek water the first thing in the morning. 

5. Bitter Is Better: In addition to refraining from sweets, loading up on bitter ingredients like hemp seeds, bitter gourd, amla, and aloe vera have also been found effective in managing and controlling diabetes.

  • Diabetes Management: Amla has been found effective in managing and controlling diabetes.

6. According to Dr. Om of Kerala Ayurveda, "all ailments in Ayurveda are due to some imbalance in an individual's doshas. Type 1 is described as an imbalance of the Vata (air and wind) dosha. Type 2 is an excess of the Kapha (water and earth) dosha. Eating regimented meals that contain less fatty foods thrice a day is very important. Try and avoid dairy products and opt for skimmed milk and low-fat yogurt. Ginger tea helps stimulate digestion, which is very beneficial in reducing the excess Kapha in your system."

  • Diabetes Management: Ginger tea helps stimulate digestion and also beneficial for diabetics.

7. Use Your Spices Wisely: There are many spices that have shown anti-diabetic properties. For instance, asafoetida, turmeric, cinnamon, mustard, and coriander, use in your meals, drinks and manage diabetes naturally. 

8. Doing different types of physical activity each week will give you the most health benefits. Mixing it up also helps reduce boredom and lower your chance of getting hurt. Try these options for physical activity.

Add extra activity to your daily routine:

If you have been inactive or you are trying a new activity, start slowly, with 5 to 10 minutes a day. Then add a little more time each week. Increase daily activity by spending less time in front of a TV or other screen. Try these simple ways to add physical activities to your life each day:

  • Walk around while you talk on the phone or during TV commercials.
  • Do chores, such as work in the garden, rake leaves, clean the house, or wash the car.
  • Park at the far end of the shopping center parking lot and walk to the store.
  • Take the stairs instead of the elevator.
  • Make your family outings active, such as a family bike ride or a walk in a park.

If you are sitting for a long time, such as working at a desk or watching TV, do some light activity for 3 minutes or more every half hour.5 Light activities include:

  • leg lifts or extensions
  • overhead arm stretches
  • desk chair swivels
  • torso twists
  • side lunges
  • walking in place

Do aerobic exercise:

  • Aerobic exercise is an activity that makes your heart beat faster and makes you breathe harder. You should aim for doing aerobic exercise for 30 minutes a day most days of the week. You do not have to do all the activities at one time. You can split up these minutes a few times throughout the day.

To get the most out of your activity, exercise at a moderate to vigorous level. Try

  • Walking briskly or hiking
  • Climbing stairs
  • Swimming or a water aerobics class
  • Dancing
  • Riding a bicycle or a stationary bicycle
  • Taking an exercise class
  • Playing basketball, tennis, or other sports

Talk with your health care team about how to warm up and cool down before and after you exercise.

Mudra Therapy For Diabetes:




A very simple informative article. Thank you.
4/18/2022 5:58:30 PM

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