DiarrheaPublished Date: 6/17/2023 6:05:47 AM
- Diarrhea is characterized by loose, watery stools or a frequent need to have a bowel movement. It usually lasts a few days and often disappears without any treatment. Diarrhea can be acute or chronic. Acute diarrhea occurs when the condition lasts for one to two days.
- Diarrhea is usually caused by a virus, or sometimes, contaminated food. Less frequently, it can be a sign of another disorder, such as inflammatory bowel disease or irritable bowel syndrome.
- Symptoms include frequent, loose, watery stools, and stomach pain.
- Most cases clear on their own. Some infections may need antibiotics. Severe cases can cause enough dehydration to require intravenous fluids.
Signs and symptoms associated with diarrhea may include:
- Loose, watery stools
- Abdominal cramps
- Abdominal pain
- Blood in the stool
- Mucus in the stool
- Urgent need to have a bowel movement
A number of diseases and conditions can cause diarrhea, including
- Viruses: Viruses that can cause diarrhea include the Norwalk virus, cytomegalovirus, and viral hepatitis. Rotavirus is a common cause of acute childhood diarrhea. The virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has also been associated with gastrointestinal symptoms, including nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
- Bacteria and parasites: Contaminated food or water can transmit bacteria and parasites to your body. When traveling in developing countries, diarrhea caused by bacteria and parasites is often called traveler's diarrhea. Clostridium difficile is another type of bacteria that can cause serious infections that cause diarrhea, and it can occur after a course of antibiotics or during a hospitalization.
- Medications: Many medications, such as antibiotics, can cause diarrhea. Antibiotics destroy both good and bad bacteria, which can disturb the natural balance of bacteria in your intestines. Other drugs that cause diarrhea are cancer drugs and antacids with magnesium.
- Lactose intolerance: Lactose is a sugar found in milk and other dairy products. People who have difficulty digesting lactose have diarrhea after eating dairy products. Lactose intolerance can increase with age because levels of the enzyme that helps digest lactose drop after childhood.
- Fructose: Fructose is a sugar found naturally in fruits and honey. It's sometimes added as a sweetener to certain beverages. In people who have trouble digesting fructose, it can lead to diarrhea.
- Artificial sweeteners: Sorbitol and mannitol - artificial sweeteners found in chewing gum and other sugar-free products - can cause diarrhea in some otherwise healthy people.
- Surgery: Abdominal or gallbladder removal surgeries can sometimes cause diarrhea.
- Other digestive disorders: Chronic diarrhea has a number of other causes, such as Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, celiac disease, microscopic colitis, and irritable bowel syndrome.
Ayurvedic Medicines for Diarrhea:
- Kutaja Ghana Vati
Home Remedies for Diarrhea:
You can mix lemon, salt, water, sugar and drink.
Preventing viral diarrhea:
Wash your hands to prevent the spread of viral diarrhea. To ensure adequate hand-washing:
- Wash frequently. Wash your hands before and after preparing food. Wash your hands after handling uncooked meat, using the toilet, changing diapers, sneezing, coughing, and blowing your nose.
- Lather with soap for at least 20 seconds. After putting soap on your hands, rub your hands together for at least 20 seconds. This is about as long as it takes to sing "Happy Birthday" twice through.
- Use hand sanitizer when washing isn't possible. Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer when you can't get to a sink. Apply the hand sanitizer as you would hand lotion, making sure to cover the fronts and backs of both hands. Use a product that contains at least 60 percent alcohol.
- You can help protect your infant from rotavirus, the most common cause of viral diarrhea in children, with one of two approved vaccines. Ask your baby's doctor about having your baby vaccinated.
Preventing traveler's diarrhea:
Diarrhea commonly affects people who travel to countries where there's inadequate sanitation and contaminated food. To reduce your risk:
- Watch what you eat. Eat hot, well-cooked foods. Avoid raw fruits and vegetables unless you can peel them yourself. Also, avoid raw or undercooked meats and dairy foods.
- Watch what you drink. Drink bottled water, soda, beer, or wine served in its original container. Avoid tap water and ice cubes. Use bottled water even for brushing your teeth. Keep your mouth closed while you shower.
- Beverages made with boiled water, such as coffee and tea, are probably safe. Remember that alcohol and caffeine can aggravate diarrhea and worsen dehydration.
- Ask your doctor about antibiotics. If you're traveling to a developing country for an extended time, ask your doctor about antibiotics before you go, especially if you have a weakened immune system.
- Check for travel warnings. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention maintains a travelers' health website where disease warnings are posted for various countries. If you're planning to travel outside of the United States, check there for warnings and tips for reducing your risk.
The following diet tips may help with diarrhea:
- sipping on clear liquids, such as electrolyte drinks, water, or fruit juice without added sugar.
- after each loose stool, replacing lost fluids with at least 1 cup of liquid
- doing most of the drinking between, not during, meals.
- consuming high potassium foods and liquids, such as diluted fruit juices, potatoes without the skin, and bananas.
- consuming high sodium foods and liquids, such as broths, soups, sports drinks, and salted crackers.
- eating foods high in soluble fiber, such as bananas, oatmeal, and rice, helps thicken the stool.
- limiting foods that may make diarrhea worse, such as creamy, fried, high dairy, and sugary foods.
Foods and beverages that might make diarrhea worse include:
- Sugar-free gum, mints, sweet cherries, and prunes.
- Caffeinated drinks and medications.
- Fructose in high amounts, from fruit juices, grapes, honey, dates, nuts, figs, soft drinks, and prunes.
- Lactose in dairy products.
- Olestra (Olean), which is a fat substitute.
- Anything that contains artificial sweeteners.
Mudra Therapy For Diarrhea: